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Lojban alphabet

remod on 1. Jan, 2012 — Lang: English

Lojban alphabet
  • Description

    An explanation of lojban alphabet and the way words are pronounced.

    Transcript

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    Let's start with the Lojban alphabet.

    The table on the right shows the Lojban letters and their name in Lojban. Don't worry if you can't read them yet!

    ' - .y'y.
    , - slaka bu
    . - denpa bu
    a - .abu
    b - by.
    c - cy.
    d - dy.
    e - .ebu
    f - fy.
    g - gy.
    i - .ibu
    j - jy.
    k - ky.

    l - ly.
    m - my.
    n - ny.
    o - .obu
    p - py.
    r - ry.
    s - sy.
    t - ty.
    u - .ubu
    v - vy.
    x - xy.
    y - .ybu
    z - zy.

    Lojban has no punctuation marks; the apostrophe, the comma and the dot are considered letters.

    It uses almost the same letters
    as the English alphabet: the letters h, q and w are missing. Only lower case letters are used.

    How difficult is to speak and understand spoken Lojban?

    As for any other language, it will require some time and practice ...

    ... but Lojban make it easier by having a direct correspondance between letters and sounds.

    letters

    You mean there are no different words that just "sounds alike"?

    b - bottle
    d - dance
    f - fall
    g - goose
    k - keen
    l - late
    m - move
    n - nose
    p - power
    r - rock
    s - sale
    t - time
    v - voice
    z - zinc

    b - bottle
    d - dance
    f - fall
    g - goose
    k - keen
    l - late
    m - move
    n - nose
    p - power
    r - rock
    s - sail
    t - time
    v - voice
    z - zinc

    Some consonants are rather easy. You can use the sound of the same letter in English.

    Some other, instead, are pronounced differently.

    sounds

    Once you get used to it, you will never mistake a word for another.

    Exactly! Nothing like "Weather" and "Wether" or "I" and "eye".

    The apostrophe,
    which is not a consonant, is only used between two vowels and is pronounced as a short aspiration.

    c - shirt
    j - measure, azure
    x - loch Ness

    c - irt
    j - mea ure, a ure
    x - Lo Ness

    sh

    s

    z

    ch

    ' - o o

    h

    ' - o o

    Be sure to pronounce vowels and diphtongs very clearly as in the examples.

    a - father
    e - bet
    i - green
    o - joke
    u - boot

    a - father
    e - bet
    i - green
    o - joke
    u - boot

    ai - high
    au - cow
    ei - bay
    oi - boy
    ia - yard
    ie - yell
    ii - hear ye

    io - yogurt
    iu - beauty
    ua - wander
    ue - well
    ui - weak
    uo - woe
    uu - woo

    In English, in fact, we often pronunce unstressed vowels in a rather indistinct way using a sound that is called "schwa" (search for "schwa" on the Internet for a better explanation).

    y - about

    In Lojban the schwa sound is assigned to the letter y which is not considered a consonant nor a vowel.

    y - about

    The two remaining letters have no sound associated.

    The comma is used to separate syllables ...

    ... and the dot to mark an explicit pause.

    We are almost done!
    Remember that Lojban words are always stressed on the penultimate syllable and you will be able to ready any Lojban text.

    Wow! How do you
    say "thanks" in Lojban ?

    {ki'e}

    ki'e

    ki'enai

    Tags:
    lojban, lessons
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